Shibori (絞り染め Shiborizome) is a Japanese term for several methods of dyeing cloth with a pattern by binding, stitching, folding, twisting, or compressing it. All of these methods are known in the West as tie-dye. From the 8th century tie-dyeing has evolved in many cultures around the world: Latin America, Africa, India, China and Asia. At least 1300 years ago it came from China to Japan. The main fabrics in Japan were silk and hemp, and later cotton. The main dye was indigo and lately madder and purple root. The shibori techniques can be used in combination with one another to achieve different results. Each piece of shibori is unique.